In the late 1880s, Russian-German economic disparities widened. The Russian-French political rapprochement contributed to the arrival of French capital in Russia. In the late 1880s and early 1890s, Russia received a series of large loans from France. The deterioration of Russian-German relations, the resurrection of the tripartite alliance in 1891 and rumours that Britain would join the alliance laid the groundwork for a political agreement between Russia and France. During a visit by a French squadron to Kronstadt in July 1891, the 1891 agreement was concluded in the form of an exchange of letters between the foreign ministers. France was much more interested than Russia in a military alliance and sought to supplement the 1891 agreement with military commitments. Following the negotiations, representatives of the Russian and French staffs signed a military agreement on 17 August (5 August in the Russian calendar) providing mutual military assistance in the event of a German attack. Through an exchange of letters between December 27 (December 15), 1893 and January 4, 1894 (December 23, 1893), the two governments announced their ratification of the Military Convention. This formalized the Russian-French military-political alliance. It was a reaction to the formation of a military bloc (the tripartite alliance led by Germany). Two opposing hostile imperialist blocs had formed in Europe. [3] The crisis led Britain and France to conclude a maritime agreement by which the Royal Navy promised to protect the northern coast of France from German attacks, while France concentrated its fleet in the western Mediterranean and declared itself ready to defend British interests.

France was thus able to protect its communications with its North African colonies and Britain was able to concentrate more force in local waters to oppose the German high seas fleet. [15] On 8 February 1909, another Franco-German agreement reaffirmed Morocco`s independence while recognizing France`s “special political interests” and Germany`s economic interests in North Africa. The General Act of Algeciras of April 7, 1906 (series 456; The treaties, conventions, etc., 1776-1909, ii, 2157), were based on the convention of 3 July 1880 on protection in Morocco (Treaty series 246; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1776-1909, i, 1220), which Germany also renounced under this article from 3 August 1914, the date of Germany`s declaration of war against France. The Franco-Russian alliance (French: Franco-Russian Alliance, Russian: , Romanized: Franko-Russkiy Al`yans) or Russo-French Rapprochement (Russian-French Rapprochement, Russko-Frantsuzskoye Sblizheniye) was an alliance formed by the agreements from 1891 to 1894. it lasted until 1917.