1.18 Despite the designation of a leading department for each international environmental agreement, there is no common mechanism for defining and formally delegating the competences of the responsible departments. The core role of feather administration is generally based on the mandate of the department and the responsibilities of the minister associated with it. Similarly, federal cabinet documents that authorize the negotiation and ratification of agreements (such as cabinet memorandums and decision files) can identify the lead division and, to some extent, describe its role. However, cabinet documents are not available to the public or members of Parliament by law and are therefore not sufficiently transparent for liability purposes. 1.128 We also asked responsible services to identify any significant operational constraints that affect the achievement of agreements` expectations or performance targets. We also asked them to identify all corrective measures necessary to ensure that the environmental expectations or objectives of their agreements were met. For three agreements, the lead departments identified the following restrictions: 1,126 Despite the absence of specific requirements to report to Parliament or Canadians on the achievement of the environmental outcomes of the five agreements, the leading departments have, in some cases, used departmental performance reports to report on international environmental agreements. However, in most cases, the reports focused on departmental activities or initiatives, not on environmental outcomes. We found an exception: with respect to the ozone schedule, Environment Canada provided information in its performance reports on the xenon content of soil in major cities and the concentration of clean air pollutants.
1.2 We found that both the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances and the Ozone Annex apply to the United States. Air quality agreements, expected environmental outcomes have been defined and Environment Canada measures actual results in the complacency of these expectations. In both cases, the Department knows to what extent it is achieving the environmental objectives we have studied. So what do we need to know about environmental contracts and how can we better understand why they are important? The adoption of renewable energy sources and the reduction of CO2 emissions are common objectives of environmental agreements. They can also be indicators of a country`s large environmental shifts. For example, between 1990 and 2015, the United States increased the contribution of renewable energy to energy production by 27% and reduced per capita CO2 emissions by 21%. 1.26 Responsibility for auditing and monitoring Canada`s performance under an international environmental agreement rests primarily with the minister responsible for the agreement, in accordance with the powers of ministers and accountability. In practice, management, under the direction of the appropriate minister, would normally carry out these tasks.
It took 16 years for the World Heritage Convention, first ratified in the 1970s, and the CITIES Convention for 16 years to be ratified by more than 100 countries. However, the Kyoto Protocol was first ratified in 1998 and took only five years to reach the same point, and the Paris Agreement (2016) received 121 ratifications in the first year. Environment Canada`s ozone Schedule emission reduction targets are the implementation of the NOx and Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emission reduction measures that are defined for Canada in the international agreement. The decrease in ambient air ozone content in eastern Canada is expected to result from the implementation of Canadian measures related to the implementation of the emission reduction measures agreed by the United States in the Ozone Annex.