6.5The Minister notes that such an agreement is not a priority of the government at present and stresses that it is not certain that asean Member States intend to negotiate such an agreement with the United Kingdom. In addition, the Minister doubts that the potential agreement between the EU and ASEAN will be more favourable than the existing bilateral air services agreements concluded by the United Kingdom with certain ASEAN countries. 6.6The Minister usefully provides a picture of the agreements between the United Kingdom and the ASEAN countries. This information is developed below for informational purposes. Air Services Agreements (ASAs) are formal contracts between countries – Memorandums of Understanding (Memorandum of Understanding) and formal diplomatic notes. It is not mandatory to have an ASA for the operation of international services, but cases where contract-free services exist are rare. The European Commission negotiated the agreement on behalf of European Member States as part of its Aviation for Europe strategy, a landmark initiative to give European aviation a new impetus and create business opportunities. The negotiations were successfully concluded on February 5, 2019. 6.1 In its seventh report 2019-2126, the Committee referred to a proposal for a Council decision on the opening of negotiations for a comprehensive air services agreement between the EU and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This document was not considered by the Committee to be sufficiently legally and/or politically important to justify a relevant report to Parliament. In 1913, a bilateral exchange of notes [1] between Germany and France was signed in the first agreement to provide airship services. In 2016, the European Commission was therefore authorised by the Council to negotiate an EU-wide air transport agreement with Qatar. Since September 2016, negotiators have met for five rounds of formal negotiations in the presence of observers from EU member states and stakeholders.

In particular, the agreement includes the following elements: the EU-Qatar agreement goes well beyond traffic rights and will provide a unique set of rules, high standards and a platform for future cooperation on a wide range of aviation issues such as safety, safety or air traffic management. The agreement also obliges both sides to improve social and labour policy, an achievement that the existing agreements between Qatar and the various EU Member States have not yet achieved. 6.2 In view of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, the Committee expressed its interest in the Government`s plans to enter into negotiations with ASEAN countries for a comprehensive air services agreement between the UK and ASEAN. The EU`s foreign policy on aviation also aims to overcome persistent fragmentation and limit market access for the benefit of industry and EU citizens.