I am writing a paper on data sharing, and it is a very useful summary of all the considerations to consider. Although in principle more complex, reciprocal agreements may be easier to negotiate, because what is good for the goose is good for the Gander. However, if the data flows in both directions, you should be careful to consider the effects of any reciprocal availability from both angles. All of this looks promising until we realize that there is no standard agreement on data exchange. This is not surprising when you consider the breadth of such a document. It can have a very narrow focus on data quality or a wider one, including security, frequency, one or two lanes, etc. Thus, we can see that an ASD must be aligned with the commercial value of the shared data. “One of the challenges of the territorial community is to promote data exchange and cooperation between several agencies and organizations at several levels of public, private and associative organizations. The interchangeable and successfully collaborating field of interchangeable data is based on the adoption of guiding principles, the identification of best practices and the recognition of challenges that may include political, scientific and technological issues.

(National Geospatial Advisory Committee, 2011) If the partner is a foreign unit that does not accept compliance with U.S. law, agreements must pass through the USGS Office of International Programs. Note that the details of these agreements may have to reconcile differences in management with differences in business practices. For example, how does an agency protect its data and what access can it allow through firewalls and security checks? How will agencies inform each other if authorizations are changed? Which manager will be responsible for the specified data? Finally, remember to take into account the effects of the law in the jurisdiction in which the data is transferred. In some cases, there may be an irreconcilable contradiction between EU law and applicable national law. Confidentiality and disclaimers: there must be a disclaimer covering the accuracy of the data, as well as a description of the data and the corresponding metadata. In addition, a declaration regarding the disclosure of information to third parties is required. This is necessary because a non-federal authority may not be able to protect USGS information from disclosure, and vice versa, because USGS may be forced to disclose information as part of a foia request if no waiver applies. Before thinking about another aspect of a data exchange agreement, you should define the role of the party making the transfer: is it a manager or a subcontractor with respect to shared personal data? The USGS may not share or exchange data sets or data that are “transformers”: any individual or corporation, authority, public authority or other entity that processes personal data on behalf of the processor; – Additional records.