The “Lausanne II Conference”, which lasted three months and resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contractual partners of the victorious powers after the First World War (particularly Great Britain, France and Italy). , and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkish military concentrations on the borders of Iraq and Syria and in its participation in the Red Sea through an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as by the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian town of Afrin. The Turkish lira is the world`s second-worst currency this month, down more than 4 percent against the dollar, and extends its losses for the year to more than 18 percent, Goldman Sachs said. The U.S. dollar now buys 7.30 Turkish pounds, which is significantly higher than the so-called psychological point of 1 dollar per 7.00 lira. Turkey`s official unemployment rate for the month of May, which has just been published, is 12.9%, which means that the August rate is most likely higher, especially due to the massive devaluation of the Turkish lira. However, the famous Turkish economist Mahfi Egilmez says that an unemployment rate of 24.6% is “as close as possible to reality”. Unemployment was 9.1% in 2011 and the target for 2023, 100 years after the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, is 5%, which will certainly not be achieved. Indeed, since the announcement of the 2023 vision in Turkey, unemployment in Turkey has increased only dramatically. “These military interventions are in the context of a previous Turkish intervention in northern Iraq, with the intention of conducting combat exercises in several regional countries and signing military agreements with Arab and African countries.

The idea is to develop Turkish relations abroad in order to promote military exports, maximize economic returns and increase regional influence on the basis of a hard power,” he added: “Erdogan`s aggressive nationalism now goes beyond Turkey`s borders and aims to obtain land in Greece and Iraq. And by 2023, the treaty period, which has passed a hundred years, is coming to an end, and that is where we understand Erdogan`s comments, as Turkey will enter a new era, and begin with oil exploration and drilling of a new canal that will begin between the two black and Marmara seas as preparation for the pricing of passing ships.